In this lecture, Vivienne Stacey explores the challenge of the programmed mind. Many people are trained to think and behave in particular ways. This can present a challenge when introducing new ideas, particularly when the ideas are in conflict with current thinking. How can we discuss the Bible and engage in fruitful debate with Muslims. These lectures were given at Columbia International University in partnership with the Zwemer Center for Muslim Studies. The Zwemer Center was founded in 1979 and exists to offer comprehensive courses on Islam, facilitate research, foster dialogues, offer seminars, conduct training, and provide resources for effective witness and ministry among Muslims. We also have a course study guide for these lectures that you might find helpful. If you want to access Carl Pfander’s book, it can be downloaded here.